Eptatretus lopheliae, new species, is described from three specimens caught at 430–442 m depth in cold-water coral habitat off the southeastern United States. It is diagnosed by elongated tubular nostril, lack of nasal-sinus papillae, five pairs of gill pouches, 3-cusp multicusps in anterior and posterior row of teeth but with variation of 4 cusps in posterior row, 38–41 total cusp count, 19–21 prebranchial slime pores, 88–89 total pores, palatine tooth triangular, and pinkish-orange body color. Eptatretus lopheliae is a small hagfish species observed, videotaped, and caught in close association with Lophelia pertusa reef habitat.
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Vol. 2008 • No. 1