A sectorial toothed cynodont from the Triassic Santa Cruz do Sul fauna, Santa Maria Formation, Parana Basin, southern Brazil, is described. The taxon is represented by a tiny portion of a right lower jaw which preserves partially the last postcanine. A comparative analysis of the postcanine morphology of the Santa Cruz do Sul specimen with South American Triassic cynodonts is made. The crown morphology of the Santa Cruz do Sul cynodont is closer to that of the juvenile single specimen of cf. Probainognathus from the Carnian Ischigualasto Formation and of juveniles of Probainognathus jenseni Romer, 1970 from the Ladinian Chañares Formation in Argentina. There are, however, some important differences between the tooth of the new specimen and those of P. jenseni juveniles, and therefore we provisionally assign the new Santa Cruz do Sul material to cf. Probainognathus. The fauna of Santa Cruz do Sul, dominated by traversodontid cynodonts, is now composed of a proterochampsid archosauriform, three traversodontids and two sectorial toothed cynodonts and we refer to it as Santacruzodon Assemblage Zone. We also propose the name of Riograndia Assemblage Zone for the faunas from the Upper Triassic Caturrita Formation, on the basis of the abundance yet restricted record of this taxon in these faunas. A brief summary of the Brazilian Middle and Upper Triassic biostratigraphy is presented within the framework of two different time scales.
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Vol. 33 • No. 2