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1 February 2002 Factors Affecting Capture of Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Laemophloeidae) in Traps Placed in Stored Wheat
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Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Stephens), the rusty grain beetle, infests grain externally and is a common pest of stored wheat throughout the world. Detection and population estimation of this insect are important in avoiding discounts at the point of sale. Laboratory experiments compared number of insect captures in the WB II probe and PC trap in stored grain with a known insect density. Capture rates were strongly related to insect densities in wheat. In a simultaneous test of insect density, ranging from one to three insects per kilogram, and temperatures between 20 and 40°C, insect captures in WB II probe traps increased linearly with insect density in the grain but had a quadratic response to temperature. Hole density, ranging from 40 to 120 holes along a 15-cm stretch of the trap body, was unrelated to number of insect captures. Probe trap diameters ranging from 26 to 60 mm were also unrelated to insect captures. Finally, dead rusty grain beetles were recovered in probe traps. The recovery of dead insects increased with insect density when insects were found in an aggregated dispersal pattern, such as would be found following phosphine fumigation of grain. Experiments discussed here will help grain managers understand how probe traps may be used in C. ferrugineus population estimation.

M. D. Toews and T. W. Phillips "Factors Affecting Capture of Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Laemophloeidae) in Traps Placed in Stored Wheat," Journal of Economic Entomology 95(1), 200-207, (1 February 2002).
Received: 30 March 2001; Accepted: 1 August 2001; Published: 1 February 2002

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