Biotypic diversity of the greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), was assessed among populations collected from cultivated wheat, Triticum aestivum L., and sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, and their associated noncultivated grass hosts. Greenbugs were collected during May through August 2002 from 30 counties of Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Texas. Discounting the presumptive biotype A, five of the remaining nine letter-designated greenbug biotypes were collected; however, biotypes C, F, J, and K were not detected. Biotypes E and I exhibited the greatest host range and were the only biotypes collected in all four states. Sixteen greenbug clones, collected from eight plant species, exhibited unique biotype profiles. Eleven were collected from noncultivated grasses, three from wheat, and two from sorghum. The most virulent biotypes were collected from noncultivated hosts. The great degree of biotypic diversity among noncultivated grasses supports the contention that the greenbug species complex is composed of host-adapted races that diverged on grass species independently of, and well before, the advent of modern agriculture.
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Vol. 99 • No. 3