In the cultivation of freshwater nucleated pearls, the treatment technology of nucleated pearls is very important for the quality and yield of pearls. Pearl nuclei treated with astragalus extract, flavomycin, and oxytetracycline were found to possess anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects depending on drug concentrations. To optimize the concentration of various drugs for the preparation of medicinal pearl nuclei to enhance pearl production Staphylococcus aureus and Aeromonas hydrophila were used as experimental strains. A comprehensive antibacterial circle diameter was taken as an indicator of drug efficacy. The response surface method based on a central composite design (CCD) was used to explain the combined effect of drugs and optimize their concentrations. The optimal concentrations of flavomycin, oxytetracycline, and astragalus extract were 9.10, 10.50, and 1.50 g/mL, respectively. In these conditions, the predicted antibacterial circle diameter was 1.83 cm and the measured value was 1.81 cm, accounting for a 0.5% relative error. The pearl nuclei coated with the abovementioned drug combinations had a strong antibacterial effect on both A. hydrophila and S. aureus, thus establishing a basis for the development and application of medicinal pearl nuclei.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 41 • No. 1