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1 July 1988 Overwinter Survival of Carfentanil-immobilized Male Bison
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Abstract

A problem with studies that examine immobilization-related drug effects on large mammals is that no true control group exists because untreated (non-captured) animals in the same population have not been examined. We present data to show that overwinter survival in male bison (Bison bison) immobilized with carfentanil was the same as untreated bison. This unique experimental design allows us to conclude that the drug had no long-term effect on male bison overwinter survival.

Berger and Kock: Overwinter Survival of Carfentanil-immobilized Male Bison
Joel Berger and Michael D. Kock "Overwinter Survival of Carfentanil-immobilized Male Bison," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 24(3), (1 July 1988). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-24.3.555
Received: 25 September 1987; Accepted: ; Published: 1 July 1988
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