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1 April 1994 WHITE-TAILED DEER AS A POTENTIAL RESERVOIR OF EHRLICHIA SPP.
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Abstract

We determined the antibody prevalence to Ehrlichia spp., in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and the geographic distribution of seropositive animals in 84 counties in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia (USA). Using an indirect fluorescent antibody test we detected antibodies (≥ 1:128) to this bacterium in 544 (43%) of 1269 deer. Presence of antibodies to Ehrlichia spp. was related to a southerly latitude, low elevation, and resulting milder climatic conditions. It appears that white-tailed deer were naturally infected with Ehrlichia spp.; the infection was widely distributed throughout the southeastern United States. Based on these data, we propose that white-tailed deer play a role in the natural history of Ehrlichia spp. infection in the United States.

Dawson, Childs, Biggie, Moore, Stallknecht, Shaddock, Bouseman, Hofmeister, and Olson: WHITE-TAILED DEER AS A POTENTIAL RESERVOIR OF EHRLICHIA SPP.
Jacqueline E. Dawson, James E. Childs, Kristine L. Biggie, Charla Moore, David Stallknecht, John Shaddock, John Bouseman, Erik Hofmeister and James G. Olson "WHITE-TAILED DEER AS A POTENTIAL RESERVOIR OF EHRLICHIA SPP.," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 30(2), (1 April 1994). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-30.2.162
Received: 7 May 1993; Accepted: ; Published: 1 April 1994
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