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1 July 2001 Safety of Brucella abortus Strain RB51 in Deer Mice
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Brucella abortus strain RB51 is an approved brucellosis vaccine for use in cattle that may have potential as an oral vaccine for use in elk (Cervus elaphus) and/or bison (Bison bison). This study was designed to determine effects of strain RB51 on deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus), a nontarget species that could have access to treated baits in a field situation. In February 1994, 90 mice were orally dosed or intraperitoneally injected with 1 × 108 colony forming units strain RB51 and 77 controls were similarly dosed with sterile saline. At weekly intervals through early April 1994, 4 to 6 mice from each group were euthanized, gross necropsies performed, spleens and uteruses cultured, and tissues examined histologically. All orally inoculated mice cleared the infection by 6 wk post-inoculation (PI). While most of the injected mice cleared the infection by 7 wk PI, a few required 9 wk. There were minimal adverse effects attributable to strain RB51. Apparently, strain RB51 would not negatively impact P. maniculatus populations if it were used in a field situation. Also, deer mice appear to be able to clear the vaccine in 6 to 9 wk, thus the probability of these mice transmitting the vaccine to other animals is low.

Cook, Williams, Thorne, Taylor, and Anderson: Safety of Brucella abortus Strain RB51 in Deer Mice
Walter E. Cook, Elizabeth S. Williams, E. Tom Thorne, Sharon K. Taylor, and Sandra Anderson "Safety of Brucella abortus Strain RB51 in Deer Mice," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 37(3), 621-625, (1 July 2001).
Received: 3 March 2000; Published: 1 July 2001

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