Two species of haplochromine cichlid fishes of the genus Diplotaxodon Trewavas, endemic to Lake Malaŵi are described: Diplotaxodon longimaxilla, new species, and Diplotaxodon altus, new species. Diplotaxodon altus is diagnosed from other species in the genus based on body depth (35.1–37.8% SL), number of gill rakers (21–26), and a smaller cheek depth (18.2–20.0% HL). Diplotaxodon longimaxilla is delimited from other Diplotaxodon spp. based on body depth (28.9–32.4% SL), horizontal eye diameter (HED 27.1–32.1% HL), smaller cheek depth (15.2–19.4% HL), and number of lateral-line scales (35–38). Other authors have indicated that several other Diplotaxodon spp. occur, but too few specimens were available to permit detailed comparisons. The two new species occur sympatrically at depths of between 40–130 m. Specimens of Diplotaxodon altus were sampled from nets deployed at night using light attraction, while specimens of D. longimaxilla were sampled from nets operated both at night and day. We further examined the three co-types of Diplotaxodon argenteus, the type species of the genus, and designated a lectotype.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.