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17 May 2017 Plastid and Seed Morphology Data Support a Revised Infrageneric Classification and an African Origin of the Pantropical Genus Xylopia (Annonaceae)
Gregory W. Stull, David M. Johnson, Nancy A. Murray, Thomas L. P. Couvreur, Jenna E. Reeger, Caroline M. Roy
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Abstract

The floristic treatment of Engler and Diels, published in 1901, provides the only infrageneric classification of the pantropical genus Xylopia (Annonaceae). Here we test and extend that classification using molecular and seed morphology characters. Phylogenetic relationships were reconstructed using data from four plastid regions obtained from 44 of the approximately 165 species in the genus, recovering four well-supported major clades. Seed characters were examined for these taxa, and six aril morphologies, three previously undocumented, were distinguished; we also document the presence of a sarcotesta on the seeds of many species. Molecular and seed data support recognition of five sections within the genus; one, Xylopia sect. Rugosperma, is proposed here as new. Our phylogenetic results suggest an African origin for the genus and reveal complex biogeographic patterns, likely facilitated by long-distance dispersal.

© 2017 by the American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Gregory W. Stull, David M. Johnson, Nancy A. Murray, Thomas L. P. Couvreur, Jenna E. Reeger, and Caroline M. Roy "Plastid and Seed Morphology Data Support a Revised Infrageneric Classification and an African Origin of the Pantropical Genus Xylopia (Annonaceae)," Systematic Botany 42(2), 211-225, (17 May 2017). https://doi.org/10.1600/036364417X695484
Published: 17 May 2017
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
Arils
biogeography
molecular phylogeny
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