Yoh Ogawa, Kahoko Tochigi, Tomoko Naganuma, Bainah S. Dewi, Shinsuke Koike
Ursus 2021 (32e24), 1-7, (27 December 2021) https://doi.org/10.2192/URSUS-D-20-00028.1
KEYWORDS: Asiatic black bear, body orientation, Japan, marking, scent-marking, stomping, tree-rubbing, Ursus thibetanus
We studied the characteristics of the marking behavior of Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) at rub trees. We recorded the tree-marking (tree-rubbing and bark-scratching) and associated (stomping) behaviors in Japan between 2010 and 2015 using automatic cameras and compared the results with those from previous studies on other bear species. We recorded 22 visits to trees by ≥6 different individuals. During these visits, there were no differences in the frequency or duration between the 3 body orientations of back rubbing, front rubbing, and body-side rubbing, which differs from the findings for other bear species. However, bipedal standing was the most common posture, as observed in other species. We also analyzed the order of tree-marking actions. For a better understanding of the Asiatic black bear's marking behavior, further examples of marking behavior and anatomical studies of secretory glands are needed.