Whitson, I. R. 2015. Equivalent latitude for prediction of soil development in a complex mapunit. Can. J. Soil Sci. 95: 125-137. Soil pattern in the Hillwash complex mapunit from Saskatchewan is too variable to be resolved spatially with conventional mapping approaches. The equivalent latitude metric allows identification of an index based on gradient and aspect that ranks sites based on differences in direct radiant energy inputs. Effects on soil development with reference to surface horizon color and soil classification were investigated at three study areas in southern Saskatchewan. At the first, sites with equivalent latitude greater than local latitude (north group) had a higher frequency of darker soil colors than sites where equivalent latitude was less than local latitude (south group). Black Chernozemic profiles made up nine of 13 profiles from the north group compared with none in the south group or in local controls. Similar color and classification trends in a north sample group were found at a second study area. Results from a third study area more than 200 km away and in a drier ecoregion found similar differences albeit a different set of subgroups between north and south group soils at that location. The equivalent latitude metric could be used in a GIS context to better resolve soil characteristics within this complex mapunit, but only after additional work to include a climate parameter such as potential transpiration into the model.
Canadian Journal of Soil Science
Vol. 95 • No. 2
Vol. 95 • No. 2
analyse de la pente
cartographie des sols