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1 September 2014 Location of 45S Ribosomal Genes in Mitotic and Meiotic Chromosomes of Buthid Scorpions
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Buthid scorpions exhibit a high variability in diploid number within genera and even within species. Cytogenetically, Buthidae differs from other families of Scorpiones based on its low diploid numbers, holocentric chromosomes, and complex chromosomal chains, which form during meiosis. In this study, we analyzed the distribution of the 45S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) genes in the mitotic and meiotic chromosomes of seven buthid species belonging to the genera Rhopalurus and Tityus with the ultimate goal of elucidating the chromosome organization in these scorpions. The chromosome number ranged from 2n = 6 to 2n = 28. Despite the high variance in diploid number, all species examined carried their 45S rDNA sites in the terminal region of exactly two chromosomes. Analyses of meiotic cells revealed 45S rDNA clusters in the chromosomal chains of Rhopalurus agamemnon, Tityus bahiensis, Tityus confluens, and Tityus martinpaechi, or in bivalent-like configuration in Rhopalurus rochai, Tityus bahiensis, Tityus confluens, Tityus fasciolatus, and Tityus paraguayensis. In the species examined, the 45S rDNA sites colocalized with constitutive heterochromatin regions. In light of the high chromosome variability and maintenance of number and terminal position of 45S rDNA sites in buthids, the heterochromatin may act to conserve the integrity of the ribosomal genes.

©2014 Zoological Society of Japan
Viviane Fagundes Mattos, Leonardo Sousa Carvalho, Doralice Maria Cella, and Marielle Cristina Schneider "Location of 45S Ribosomal Genes in Mitotic and Meiotic Chromosomes of Buthid Scorpions," Zoological Science 31(9), 603-607, (1 September 2014).
Received: 13 January 2014; Accepted: 27 May 2014; Published: 1 September 2014

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